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Early Childhood

KindergartenThe Kindergarten
Our early childhood program strives to honor that dream-like consciousness unique to the young child. In their capacity for fantasy, their need for play, their desire to imitate the adults around them, their love of stories and reverence for nature, the children are telling us about themselves, and our kindergarten program is designed to meet them right where they are.

At the heart of childhood is play, and play is at the heart of the Bay School’s kindergarten day. For over an hour each morning our kindergarteners can be observed wearing capes and crowns and play-acting in a world of their making.  The power of fantasy allows the children to see endless possibilities in nature’s simplest objects such as logs, pebbles, shells and simple cloths. For just that reason our Kindergarten baskets hold natural-based materials such as fleece made stuffed dolls, and animals, wooden toys and fabric wands. Day after day these simple objects are given new life by the children’s imaginations.  Through creative play, the children make sense of the world.  It is their work.

The Kindergarten is a combined program for both the pre-K and Kindergarten (ages four to six), with two class teachers. There is an optional afternoon program, which is offered for Monday through Thursday.

Morning Garden - The Bay School Program for Parents and Toddlers
Through work and play together, Morning Garden creates a community of parents and their small children. The program is open to parents, toddlers and preschool age children, from 18 months to 3 1/2 years. The children play with the security of a parent nearby. Parents learn about child development, parenting, and early childhood education. They have an opportunity to interact with other adults, sharing snack preparation and clean-up; make simple seasonal crafts; and join together in a circle time for movement, song, rhyme and story, or puppet play. We end each morning’s session in appreciation of nature through some outdoor time.

Morning Garden sessions run for ten weeks several times per year. The group goes from 9:15 am to 11:15 am one day per week.


Circle, Main Lesson, and the Block System
EgyptAlveoliA Bay School day begins with class teachers leading their children in singing, reciting poetry, playing recorder, or other activities as part of opening circle. The main lesson itself, the “main meal” of the day, is a one-and-one-half-hour period allowing for broad exploration of a subject through the arts, writing and experiential activities. Through this creative teaching the children connect with the subject and make it their own. In content and form, main lesson provides essential nourishment for the growing child. After a few weeks the teacher introduces a new subject, marking the beginning of a new main lesson block.

The Main Lesson Book The school year is divided into at least seven to as many as nine Main Lesson blocks, with each block dedicated to the study of one subject, carefully and beautifully recorded by the students in their own main lesson book. In the Waldorf curriculum, great emphasis is given to each student's Main Lesson Book. Each student records the lessons of the year in writing and illustration. As the year progresses, the book becomes an individual journal of the student's own academic and artistic growth. At the completion of the school year, the Main Lesson Book is permanently bound and taken home with pride and a sense of accomplishment.

The Specialty Classes Program
From first through eighth grade, Bay School students benefit from a well thought out and developmentally sequenced program in the areas of the arts, music, movement, and foreign language. The value accorded to these Specialty Classes within the curriculum is a hallmark of the school’s Waldorf philosophy of education. Along with the main lesson studies, they form the core of the Bay School program.

Classes are taught by Specialty Teachers, experts in their respective fields. Generally, students have two periods of instruction in each specialty subject per week. Each subject has its own Grade One through Eight scope and sequence, with both content and method of instruction changing over time to meet the children as they mature through the grades. The interweaving of these Specialty Classes with the academic subjects through the day and week brings balance and a healthy rhythm to the children’s day.  In an education that seeks to engage not just the children’s minds but hearts and hands as well, the Specials curricula play a vital role in ensuring that the whole being of the child is nurtured.  

Specialty Teachers join Class Teachers in forming a team around each child, supporting and complementing each other’s work to ensure the healthy development and full unfolding of each child’s capacities as a human being.


Specialty Specialty

Theater Program   Throughout the grades, one of the blocks taught is Drama.  For each class an age-appropriate play is selected related to the current curriculum. As well as acting out the pedagogical themes of their main lesson work, the students begin to develop dramatic skills, empathy being the most important.  Plays become more complex in detail as the students grow.   By the time they reach their seventh and eighth grade years, they are capable of producing Shakespeare and having a fully costumed play. In any production, music is a major component.   This effort is always performed for the school community and the upper classes perform for the general community and may invite area schools to attend as well.

New! at the Bay School - Agricultural Arts Curriculum On a buggy 2009 May Fest weekend, the Bay School community raised a greenhouse landmarking the launching of our Agricultural Arts program. Our main goal of the Agricultural Arts program is to teach sustainable interdependence with the natural world. We seek to integrate Agricultural Arts into the daily life of every classroom, that every child graduate with this natural will-based work as a part of their life experience, and that each be given a chance to feel respect for the earth. This is a progam in which Nature is given a voice as one of the children's teachers. The following bio of our Agricultural Arts teacher is a reflection of the wealth of unique and special adults we are blessed to find within our school community.

Heather McCargo is a Bay School parent with a professional background in horticulture and design. She has worked professionally in landscape architecture and public horticulture and is the former plant propagator for the New England Wild Flower Society. She has been a team member on several educational grants, including a National Gardening Association grant to develop middle school curriculum on plants, mountains and people, and a Maine Organic Farmer and Gardener Association grant to educate organic farmers in the cultivation of medicinal herbs. Heather's writing has been published in a variety of horticultural journals, including "Horticulture," "American Nurseryman," and the "Brooklyn Botanic Garden Series." She has a B.A. in Plant Ecology and a M.A. in Landscape Design from the Conway School. with a p


Confidence Responsibility Motivation Imagination Creativity Reverence

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P.O. Box 950, 17 Bay School Drive
Blue Hill, ME 04614